Expo Zaragoza 2008
10 Projects
YoonGyoo Jang +
ChangHoon Shin +
UnSangDong Architects

9 Projects
196p / pb / USD 24

from Korea
from other Countries

C3 no.289 0809

Processor / Monolab Architects
Beam Mobile:The Wedge / Threefold Architects
The New International Terminal in Wellington:The Rock / Studio Pacific Architecture

Expo Zaragoza 2008
A Walk through Architecture and Sustainability / Cristina Somalo
International Pavilion / ACXT Architects
Spainish Pavilion / Fransisco JoséMangado
Auditorium and Convention Center / Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos S.L.
Bridge Pavilion / Zaha Hadid Architects
Water Tower / Enrique de Teresa
Office Building / Basilio Tob뭓s Pintre
Aquarium Pavilion / Àlvaro Planchuelo
Aragón Pavilion / Olano & Mendo Arquitectos
Thirst / Cloud9 Architecture Studio
Extreme Water / Urano Films
El Faro / Ricardo Higueras
Oikos, Water and Energy / Roland Olbeter
Shared Water / Studio Italo Rota & Partners
Cities of Water / ADD+Arquitectura + NUG Arquitectes
Metropolitan Water Park / Alday Jover Arquitectos

YoonGyoo Jang + ChangHoon Shin + UnSangDong Architects
Mythological Search Machine / YoonGyoo Jang
2008: A Cross-section of UnSangDong Architects / ChangHoon Shin
GumHo Culture Complex
SunCheon Civic Education and Cultural Center
ChungNamDo Provincial Government  Office
Atelier in YeoJu
Gallery 303
InCheon CheongNa City Tower
Dancing Apartment
GyeongGiDo JeonGok Prehistory Museum
Campus Complex at University of Seoul

Layers of Time, Layers of Space

프로세서 / 모노랩 아키텍츠
빔 모빌 : 쐐기 / 쓰리폴드 아키텍츠
웰링턴 신 국제 공항 터미널 : 바위 / 스튜디오 퍼시픽 아키텍쳐

2008 사라고사 엑스포
물과 지속가능한 환경 / 크리스티나 소말로
국제 파빌리온 / ACXT 아키텍츠
스페인 파빌리온 / 프란스시코 호세 망가도
대강당 및 컨벤션 센터 / 니에또 소베하노 아르키텍토스
브릿지 파빌리온 / 자하 하디드 아키텍츠
96  워터 타워 / 엔리께 데 떼레사
오피스 빌딩 / 바실리오 또비아스 삔뜨레
아쿠아리움 파빌리온 / 알바로 프란츄엘로
아라곤 파빌리온 / 올라노 & 멘도 아르키텍토스
목마름 / 클라우드9 아키텍쳐 스튜디오
익스트림 워터 / 우라노 필므스
등대 / 리까르도 이게라스
오이코스, 물과 에너지 / 롤란 올베떼르
물의 공유 / 스튜디오 이딸로 로따 & 파트너스
물의 도시 / ADD+아르키텍투라 + NUG 아르키텍티
메트로폴리탄 워터 파크 / 알다이 호베르 아르키텍토스

장윤규+신창훈+운생동 건축
신화적 찾는 기계 / 장윤규
2008, 운생동 건축의 단면 / 신창훈
충청남도 도본청 및 의회청사
갤러리 303
인천청라지구 시티타워
춤추는 아파트
전곡리 선사박물관
서울시립대 캠퍼스 복합단지

시간의 층, 공간의 층

Expo Zaragoza 2008

The International Zaragoza Exhibition, 'Expo Zaragoza 2008', is located in Zaragoza, one of the biggest cities in Spain, close to the river Ebro meander, near the city.

Ideologically, Expo Zaragoza 2008 is a bridge between the Aichi Exhibition 2005, 'Wisdom & Nature', and Shangai 2010, 'Better City, Better Life'. Its lemma is 'Water and Sustainable Development'.

Expo has transformed Zaragoza, improving its environment, regenerating the river area, purifying the water quality of the river. The International Exhibition has given Zaragoza an opportunity to promote itself becoming a more attractive city, exhibiting it as a meeting point, improving the road infrastructure and making good use of its strategic site in a prosperous area, not far from the biggest cities: Madrid, Barcelona or Bilbao.

Expo's second aim is to work as a platform for the Water issue. Experts and personalities from all over the world gather at this international event to dialogue about water and sustainability.

Expo's aim is not only Zaragoza, but the rest of the world.

Zaragoza has chosen 'Water and Sustainable Environment' as its slogan, since it is a key issue that affect all countries in the world, that are confronted due to a global crisis of water. Francisco Pellicer, General Director's AttachŽ of Expo Contents, points out: this crisis has to do mainly with the facts that some countries have more water than others, the percentage of water is very small and water has to be cleansed to be able to drink from it. As a unique resource, there is a need to make rational use of it. The need to share it provides agreements among countries and thus it becomes a resource and opportunity of peace.

"We are creating a breeding ground by which politicians and consumers become conscious of the need of a good management of water. We will make proposals and present solutions of actions that can be fulfilled in other places and become a precedent for international treaties, laws."

Expo explores the new possibilities water offers in relation with energy, agriculture, industry and culture and especially in the field of sustainable development: thinking in future generations, not wasting now the resources that will be needed for the future.

A walk through Expo's site gives us the opportunity to discover more about water and sustainability proposals reflected in the construction techniques of iconic architectural buildings, ephemeral constructions, in the contents of interesting exhibitions and in the metropolitan ecological park.

Once crossed the Bridge Pavilion, the Water Tower Enrique de Teresa, by architect Enrique de Teresa, shows itself. The Water Tower is the emblem of the Expo. The tower's shape expresses, as water, fluidity, movement, transparency and lightness. It has a glass curtain skin shaped as a curved and transparent skyscraper. Its glass and bright steel structure, is designed to represent high technology in relation to water. It is an observatory. Inside, an ascendant ramp works as an exhibition space. The Expo Zaragoza Office Building it is a light and transparent building designed by Basilio Tobias. It has two prismatic volumes. The lower floor and the upper floor contain four plants.

The formation of the continents is the concept behind The Aquarium Pavilion, by architect Alvaro Planchuelo. The building represents the earth and it is designed as a big rock with  shapes that symbolize the different continents. An exhibition about the biodiversity of the rivers of the world is hosted inside.' We created a roof with circulating fresh water,  that has an isolating function. The water falls over the south and west facades with more solar radiation, refreshing them and producing an exterior micro climate. In the interior, there is energy saving. 

The Arag—n Pavilion by architects: Daniel Olano & Alberto Mendo, promotes the culture of Arag—n area, where Zaragoza is located. The building has a shape of a traditional basket from Aragon, made by interlaced panels of glass and micro-concrete with fiber of white glass. The structure is more opaque in the base and it turns more transparent as it gains height. It has been designed with bioclimatic environmental sustainability principles.

The International Pavillions by architects CŽsar Azc‡rate and Raimundo Bamb— (IDOM-ACXT Studio) have designed the biggest Expo building hosting foreign countries. It is a concrete integrated structure crowned by a roof with parks that enable to see the views. Water and Sustainable development inspired the project. The adoption of organic and fluid forms constantly inspired by the flowing of water. The same concept is linked to seeking continuous flowing spaces friendly in the outdoor areas, reminding the natural way water interacts in nature'. The ecological roof saves energy with the installation of solar and photovoltaic panels,

The protection of direct solar radiation was considered. In the roof design architects had in mind the equilibrium between the direct protection of solar radiation during Expo and the natural light for the facades after expo.

The building has two levels with free spaces wide enough to allow the transit of great flow of visitors. In front of The International Pavilion lies the space of the riverfront designed by architects Enric Batlle & Joan Roig. This area has been conceived as a 'garden of water drops', formed by a sequence of circular spaces with different uses: small forests, ponds, an amphitheatre, thematic spaces designed by different authors. Great part of the space between the circles it is covered with a textile pergola that offers red shaded circles. A big grove gives intense shades.

An eco geographical bench designed by Batlle & Roig and Isidro Ferrer, graphic designer, follows the perimeter of the river front. From the bench there are views of the river and the main Expo buildings.

Along the river front there are six thematic pavilions and ephemeral constructions that lodge exhibitions related with water and sustainable development:

"Thirst" by architect Enric Ruiz Geli Cloud 9 Architecture studio is an inflatable volume covered by salt that reflects the sun rays. The molecular structure of salt was used as the basis for constructing the building, reproducing the macroscopic fabric and the organic natural shape of salt. "We projected salt in the facade that deposit in the surface as water evaporates, creating a natural icon, a mountain of salt, integrated into the landscape of water drops as one more natural element." At night it gets lightened as if it kept all the energy needed to keep working. This construction will avoid the use of tropical woods, synthetical varnishes or paintings with dissolvents. New technologies and materials have been applied as glass fibre, or ETFE, an element used in the roof of the building as a substitute for air conditioning. The interior of the Thirst Pavilion contains an exhibition designed by Martin Ruiz de Azua, related with thirst as an impelling force to develop extraordinary techniques.

"Extreme Water", by Urano Films. Designed by Fran Aleu. This architecture expresses different sensations: a peaceful flow of water in the planet's surface and the fear of water as a provocative force of natural catastrophe. The content of the exhibition inside, deepens in the ecological catastrophes and in its prevention, as well as the role of the human being as an agent an victim in the risks of water. It is a sensorial and interactive space that encourages thought and a positive commitment of the human being to water as a risk.

"El Faro" by Ricardo Higueras. Its shape lies on a traditional ceramic vessel. El Faro it is a pavilion composed by straw, clay and certified wood. These materials bring sustainable benefits. El Faro will also use resources of renewable energy: water from Ebro river, solar light, air, relative humidity and geothermic energy.

"Oikos, water and energy". Designed by the musician and engineer: Roland Olbeter. Presents the sustainable house based in transformation and accumulation of energy with cost cero, through hydrogen batteries and different 'green' methods of energy transformation.

"Cities of Water". Designed by Italo Rota Studio. Water is treated as an element that coexists with urban space. Thus, a trip along different cities related somehow with water is proposed. The pavilion proposes an ephemeral architecture that lacks walls and ceilings. The game of transparencies and bright colors of this pavilion are mingled with the vision of the river water, creating a visual spectacle.      

"Shared Water". The purpose of this square is to create consciousness about the need of individual and collective responsibility in the correct management of water.

On the other side of the buildings site, stands The Metropolitan Water Park by architects Inaki Alday & Margarita Jover in collaboration with landscaping architect: Christine Dalnoky. The park is a tribute to the farmers that worked these lands and drew an implementation with irrigation channels, micro topographies, dams, and plot divisions. This drawing has been maintained changing its uses and transforming them into a public and accessible space.

We have imagined a park that introduces nature in the city. It is an ecological park.

The park tries not to impose a brutal design, but lets the ground express its own qualities. To create this idea we fabricated a silver palette made of vegetables, water, wood, stones, light, shades and reflections, from which we obtain the park's vocabulary'.

From the city till the river meander, the architects created a progression for each of the park elements: vegetation goes from the artificial to the most natural and wild, from mineral to vegetable. From the entrance to the park till it reaches Ebro river, the water follows from the noisy and agitated water towards the water mirrors of the bathing area. The land is organized from the most urban to the most natural, from flat to rough, from wide to narrow.

Water it is in the park's speech: its capture, storage, purification, use and recycling, form the park's structure.

The Cabecera Building lodges the Central Resource Management of the Park for its control, exploitation, and maintenance, including offices, control rooms, etc. The building is the head office of the Center of the River's Meander Interpretation, that contains an exhibition about nature, botanic and water and energy management.

The D.H. and S.E.T. buildings host the installations related with generation and transformation of energy and use water to generate, storage and distribute energy all over the meander.

The D.H.C building centralizes the production of cold and heat, optimizing the capacity that comes from renewable energies (solar panels for warming and water from the river for cooling). It also cogenerates electricity.

The park will harbor three fluvial beaches and a swimming pool.

The concept and structure of the Bath Pavilion, The Ceremony Pavilion, (for celebrations), and the Wharf is inspired in green-houses. These buildings follow a similar design: a first level made of bamboo, two meshes on the second level, and several volumes inside host the different spaces. Vegetation will grow over the mesh and will cover the building facades in some years time, making the buildings mingle with surrounding nature.

YoonGyoo Jang + ChangHoon Shin + UnSangDong Architects

In the heart of the city, a new building seemingly full of holes stands among the dense pack of high-rise buildings. The identity of this building which spurs the interest of people is none other than a "residential exhibition center." This building, named "Kring," fits within the mold of other residential exhibition centers in that it has been erected quickly with easy methods while being as sophisticated as possible; on the other hand, however, it completely breaks from the common notion that buildings built for this purpose are targets for demolition after fulfilling their functions. In this case, the building not only strikes an appropriate balance between the desire of the corporation for 'promotion' and the desire of the architect for 'design,' but also goes beyond its residential exhibition functionality to satisfy even the desires of the general public by incorporating a variety of cultural facilities.

The word "Kring" means "circle" in the Dutch language. The concentric circular pattern that becomes smaller as it goes inward does not only cover the facade but actually has a direct relationship to the interior space as well. At the Yeh Gallery, which was the prior flagship work of UnSangDong, the exterior remained more or less true to its function as the exterior covering. In the case of Kring, a more fundamental spatial integration is attempted by directly involving of the exterior facade in the interior space of the central lobby area.

In the case of the "Campus Complex at the University of Seoul," which is nearing completion, there too is a departure from the early works of UnSangDong which had focused more on form, exterior and structure. Instead, there is a conscious effort to address issues of architecture and landscape from a spatial perspective. Although the conceptualization of combining the surface and flooring of the building to draw in the landscape into the architecture was not fully achieved, it is significant in that a new public plaza is experimented with and brought into realization with this project.

The architectural approach of UnSangDong is such that new ideas for reconstruction of the cityscape or for the formation of new spaces are gathered through the process of bringing disparate elements together. The important keywords that best describe the recent works of these architects are geometry, nature, and technology, all of which represent the diverse issues of the contemporary age and have been applied into architectural contexts.

"Gallery 303" is a residential exhibition center that is more like a highly sophisticated art museum. Not unlike the craftmanship like diamond-cutting, the entire volume has been cut away at various angles, and a variety of colors and materials have been attached to each surface. With a different image depending on the angle of the viewer, this building serves as both a landmark in the cityscape and a medium by which the corporate image is communicated as well. The "Atelier in YeoJu" creates a combination of structure and exterior by which the scenery is framed. The frame that facilitates communication between the landscape and the architecture is a new, eco-friendly architectural language that promotes the enjoyment of and cohabitation with nature. In the case of the InCheon ChungNa City Tower, the tower is presented as a biological entity that exists in close harmony with nature. By building up a diverse set of vessels with different forms, exteriors and programs, the architects have sought to create an environment in which the city, nature and people can coexist harmoniously.

UnSangDong tends to take the concepts or processes of prior works and utilize them as important elements in the development of subsequent projects of entirely different characteristics, or takes a similar concept and re-interprets it more actively in applying it to the new space. Building on its track record which can best be described as a phenomenon of 1+1 not adding up to 2 but rather to 5 or even to 10, it is hoped that UnSangDong will steadily continue to create unique "compound bodies" by experimenting with architecture and producing socially interactive architectural works.