The World Exposition is a place where nations can showcase their economic and cultural capacity, as well as cutting - edge construction technologies and aesthetics to the world. The introduction of architecture masterpieces, such as the 'Crystal Palace' at the 1851 London Exposition, the 'Eiffel Tower' at the 1889 Paris Exposition, and the 'German Pavilion' by Mies Van Der Rohe at the 1929 Barcelona Exposition show the significance of The World Exposition.
The World Exposition Shanghai 2010 is expected to be the largest world festival ever, with participation from more than 200 countries and international organizations. On the west side of The World Exposition site by the Huangpu River, a city pavilion, theme pavilion, and corporate pavilion will be established. The east side of The World Exposition site will house, public activity and, public performance centers, as well as continental pavilions for participants from Asia, Oceania, Europe, the Americas, and Africa. Announcement of each country's pavilions that will be established at the Shanghai Exposition is certain to, attract the interest of the architectural industry.
Participating nations of the expo are exhibiting their pavilion designs that reinterpret their unique cultures in different ways to express national identities. The pavilion of China, which is the host of the exposition, will be located in the center of the exposition site. The red pavilion represents China's modernly re-interpreted Dougong Brackets of traditional Chinese wooden structure architectural elements. Around the pavilions, low buildings with abstract images of Chinese characters engraved on the elevations surround them as though standing guard. The pavilions of Poland and the United Arab Emirates show off flattering facades expressing beautiful traditional patterns. The design of the Polish pavilionWojciech Kakowski, Marcin Mostafa, Natalia Paszkowska is inspired by traditional folk - art paper cut - outs, and the UAE pavilion Foster+Partners is inspired by ancient patterns in Arabic art. The visitors will feel exotic ambiences created by lights coming through the patterns. Spain's pavilionMiralles Tagliabue EMBT is modeled after the classic Spanish wicker basket, to make unique space with steels and woods.
On the other hand, the design of the Swiss pavilionBuchner BrŸndler Architects, element GmbH actively reflects the characteristic natural environment of its home country. Visitors will get to view a video presentation of the natural Swiss landscape in the inside exhibit area, and look around while riding the chairlifts from the ground to the rooftop that is covered with greenery. With this, visitors will not only enjoy a visual exposition but also indirectly enjoy experiences of Switzerland's unique natural environment. The Luxembourg pavilionHermann & Valentiny and associates is modeled after 'Forest and Fortress' which is the translation of the name Luxembourg into Chinese. Although the walls surrounding the pavilion make its inside and outside look discontinuous, the pavilion's large door allows the visitors free access into and out of the exhibition room.
The British and Dutch pavilions that were designed by world' famous architects through competition show new and creative exposition spaces. The Dutch pavilion John Kšmeling is similar to a city. Visitors walk through a curved road that reminds a roller coaster and visit buildings equipped with educational programs. The British pavilionHeatherwick Studio comprises thousands of swaying cilia, and looks as though it is sitting lightly on the ground. A small light source is attached to both ends of each stave emanating mysterious light both inside and outside the pavilion. They form a screen inside the exhibit area, showing a new display concept, and form a changing facade outside. These cutting - edge materials and architectural technologies use experimental works that top the existing architecture concept and show the new flow of the architecture.
Pavilion architecture for the exposition is created mostly for the purpose of the exposition and must be disposed of after the event. Structures that show examples of sustainability will be among the introduced pavilions. The Luxemburg pavilion will use recyclable materials, such as metal, wood, and glass. Switzerland's pavilion also will se recyclable materials and will supply environmentally friendly energy through wind and solar power generation. Poland plans to relocate its pavilion to Polish cities for reuse.
As an exhibition hall that symbolizes the nation's arts, culture, and architecture, each nation's pavilion is allowing a new experience of space and is presenting creative architectural solutions. These pavilions in The World Exposition Shanghai 2010 will be an opportunity to show the flow of new international architecture.